The idea of having a basic outline of what are the four types of talk therapies is to allow for an easier understanding in terms of the treatment of various conditions. There are basically four types of therapy: cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and interpersonal therapy. Within each of these categories are sub-types. The types listed here are dependent on the way the individual perceives and addresses the issue at hand. They also relate to how they perceive themselves within the relationship or the problem they have at hand.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is perhaps the most widely known therapy type. It can be found in many of the more well-known mental health organizations around the world. This therapy has been around since the 1970s. In cognitive behavioral therapy, the individual is encouraged to monitor their thoughts and actions, as well as those of others, which might exacerbate the issue at hand. This type of therapy aims to help individuals learn to recognize their triggers and signs of impending stress, anxiety, and even panic attacks.
Family therapy is often very helpful for addressing issues that involve one’s extended family. In this type of therapy, the psychologist or therapist seeks to alleviate the effects of past conflicts and family dynamics on the individual. They try to help the individual grow a stronger sense of attachment to his or her extended family. They also try to help the family members address their own concerns and feelings about the family member with whom they are close.
Psychodynamic therapy is often thought to be one of the most difficult types of therapy. This type of therapy requires an individual to delve deeply into their own psyche in order to discover its underlying structure and its purpose. Psychodynamic therapists are often called “mental doctors,” since they attempt to treat patients using psychological principles and theories. Some of these principles include unconscious patterns, complexes, unconscious ideas and structures, complexes, and transpersonal psychological mechanisms.
Transformative talk therapies refer to talk therapy that steers clear of the cognitive type of talk in favor of more creative and “human” speaking strategies. The goal is to build up the individual’s ability to think and speak in ways that help them build up their own inner strength and sense of worth. Common elements of transformational talk therapies include personal distress, social difficulties, and dysfunctional interpersonal relationships. In some cases, the psychotherapist may provide inspirational feedback, emotional support, and solace as the individual builds upon their newfound sense of self-worth and self-empowerment.
There are also conversational types of talk therapy. In these sessions, the psychologist or therapist allows the individual to share their problems and their thoughts in an open and comfortable setting. Most of these types of therapy take place in group settings where therapists can learn from each other and help each other remain emotionally stable throughout the therapy process. Conversational therapy is often used in conjunction with other types of therapeutic interventions, most commonly in group therapy sessions. These include face to face contact, educational or skill-based activities, or other activities that foster connection and communication.
Then, there are descriptive types of talk therapy. Talk therapy is used to find out how an individual might be able to uncover or express feelings and experiences that have been hidden or repressed by the conscious mind. This type of talk therapy is often used in conjunction with other types of interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy, meaning therapy, or psychodynamic talk. An example of a descriptive talk therapy might entail asking the patient to reflect back about their childhood experiences, and how they might have been affected by traumatic events in their past.
These are just some of the types of talk therapies that exist today. There are likely many more. In order to determine which particular type of therapy might be best for you or your loved one, it is important to consult with your personal healthcare provider. They will be able to tell you whether a particular style of talk therapy would be effective or not.